1) Research and development (R&D) means there is a brand new product or process at the end of the project – WRONG
2) Research and Development tax relief is only available for successful projects – WRONG
If your company has been engaged in a project that seeks to achieve an advance in science or technology, it is carrying out R&D.
For most SMEs, advances are in technology. An improvement to an existing product or process may be sufficient for a claim.
Is it worth it?
Yes, it’s free money! The relief for SMEs is currently 130%. That means that for every £1 of qualifying expenditure your company makes, it receives an additional £1.30 of relief.
Every £1 spent yields a deduction of £2.30 against taxable proﬁts.
And loss-making companies can claim a repayable tax credit calculated at 14.5%.
For example, a company has a trading loss of £100,000 and qualifying R&D expenditure of £35,000. The surrenderable loss is the lower of £100,000 and £35,000 x 230% = £80,500.
The tax credit will therefore be 14.5% x £80,500 equals £11,672.
What is needed for a successful claim?
What are the requirements?
- There has to be a project focused on the issue to be resolved
- There has to be an intention to achieve an advance in science or technology
- The project must relate to the company’s trade – an existing one or one it intends to start based on the results of the R&D
- The company has to explain how its project sought to overcome the uncertainty around the advance it wants to achieve
- The issue has to be one that cannot be easily overcome by a professional working in that ﬁeld
- The process, product or service can still be an advance if it has been developed by another company but isn’t publicly known or available. For instance, there are many companies currently working on both electric cars and driverless cars. They will each be claiming R&D tax relief
- The project can research or develop a new process, product or service, or improve an existing one
SME R&D Relief
A company is deﬁned as a SME if:
- It has less than 500 members of staff
- It has a turnover of under £100m or a balance sheet total under £86m
- Staff costs
- Consumable or transformable items
- Contracted out R&D costs (65%)
- Externally provided workers (65%)
There are also R&D allowances which allow for full relief for qualifying capital expenditure
Time limit – Two years from the end of an accounting period, in line with the corporation tax return deadline.