Accounting for factored debts

I recently engaged a factor to collect some debts from my customers. How do I go about accounting for this? I’ve already received some cash from the factor. I’ve had problems with customers paying in the past, so I am now on the Cash Accounting Scheme for VAT.

1st December 2012

Technically speaking, the cash you received from the factor is in fact a loan and is therefore exempt for VAT purposes. So you do not need to account for the VAT on the debts at the point you receive payments from the factor.

Instead, you account for the VAT in the VAT period the customers pay the factor. The factor should issue you with statements, so that you can identify when and how much the customers pay.

You should account for the VAT on the amount the factors manage to recover; not the original invoiced amount. Please also note that if the factor deducts any commission or charges before remitting you the balance, you should continue to base the VAT on the amount the factor received from your customers; not the lower amount they eventually paid you.

By Jo Nockels

Disclaimer: The information provided is based on current guidance (at date of publication) from HMRC and may be subject to change. Any advice shared here is intended to inform rather than advise. Taxpayer's circumstances do vary and if you feel that the information provided is beneficial it is important that you contact us before implementation. If you take, or do not take action as a result of reading this information, before receiving our written endorsement, we will accept no responsibility for any financial loss incurred.

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